【世界の注目記事】果たして「やりすぎ」なのか? 「愛情育児」を実践する母親

米国版『TIME』誌の5月21日号がちょっとした物議を醸している。

ジャーナリストのケイト・ピッカートは同誌で、"愛情育児(attachment parenting)"の広がりを紹介。これは、ウィリアム・シアーズ博士が1992年に発表した著書『ザ・ベイビー・ブック/The Baby Book』がきっかけで有名になった方法だ。

ピッカートはこの中で博士について紹介し、赤ちゃんの服や授乳期間の延長、そして添い寝といった彼の理論をめぐる論争にもふれている。だがそれ以上に人々の注目を集めているのが、表紙や誌面に登場する母親たちが子供たちに授乳する写真。この中には、4歳と生後5か月の2人の子どもに授乳する母親の姿もある。

表紙を飾っているのは、カリフォルニア州在住のジェイミー・リン・グルメットさん(26歳)で、3歳の息子に授乳するのを見ることができる。「Are You Mom Enough?(意訳:あなたは母親として十分ですか?)」という見出しも、どちらかといえば挑発的だ。

授乳期間は人それぞれ違うが、TVドラマ『ブロッサム』で知られる女優メーム・ビアリクは、自身の著書『Beyond The Sling』で3歳の娘に授乳していることを明かし、激しい非難を浴びた。また、(アメリカでは)公の場での授乳は「自然なこと」なのか、それとも「はしたない」のかにも賛否両論が寄せられている。米国小児科学会(American Academy of Pediatrics)では、母親に1年間の授乳を推奨しているが、母親が望めばそれ以上でも問題ないようだ。これを考えると、『TIME』誌に登場する母親たちを責めるのは違う気もする。

『TIME』誌の表紙は衝撃的ではあるが、ピッカートは、今回登場する母親たちはあくまでも1つのグループでしかなく、"子供との距離の近さを大事にしながらも、シアーズ博士の理論には賛成しかねる母親たち"や"その間に挟まれている親たち"の存在も指摘。最後のグループについては、シアーズ博士の育児理念を試みながらも、次第に「自分は親として不十分なのではないか」と、思い詰めるようになってしまう人もいるとしている。

ピッカートの言いたいことは、「何が正しくて、何が間違いなのか」、そして「自分たち家族にとって、何が理にかなっているのか」という一番大事なことがわからない親が数多くいることではないだろうか。

ちなみに『TIME』誌の今回の表紙には、「(博士の理論を)悪用しているだけ」や「表紙の子どもは大きくなってから、学校で大変なことになるでしょうね」といった批判から、「今回の表紙はそれほど不快じゃないな。同誌がこれまで、ジョージ・ブッシュを2度も"今年の人(Person of the Year)"に選んだことに比べればね」といった、辛らつなツイートが寄せられている。

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【世界の注目記事】果たして「やりすぎ」なのか? 「愛情育児」を実践する母親
NEW YORK, NY - JULY 31:  Model Miranda Kerr and her son Flynn Bloom as seen on July 31, 2013 in New York City.
NEW YORK, NY - MAY 29:  (L-R) Jaden Smith, Willow Smith, Will Smith, Jada Pinkett Smith and Trey Smith attend Columbia Pictures and Mercedes-Benz Present the US Red Carpet Premiere of AFTER EARTH at Ziegfeld Theatre on May 29, 2013 in New York City.
LONDON - FEBRUARY 24:  Actress Catherine Zeta Jones (R) arrives with her husband, actor Michael Douglas and their children Dylan and Carys Douglas, to attend a Royal Investiture at Buckingham Palace on February 24, 2011 in London, England. The 41-year-old Swansea-born actress Catherine Zeta Jones, who became an Oscar-winning Hollywood star was presented with a CBE by Prince Charles, Prince of Wale in honour of services to the film industry and to charity.
Split image of Tom Hanks with his sons Chet Hanks (L) and Colin Hanks (R). 

LOS ANGELES, CA - AUGUST 23: Alanis Morissette and Ever Imre Morissette-Treadway are seen in Brentwood on August 23, 2011 in Los Angeles, California.

LOS ANGELES, CA - MARCH 03:  Director Paul Anderson and actress Milla Jovovich with daughter Ever attend the world premiere of the GapKids + DVF Collection at Gap In Los Angeles The Grove on March 3, 2012 in Los Angeles, California.

TORONTO, CANADA - DECEMBER 03:  Ashlee Simpson and her son Bronx Simpson visit The Bay to promote her new tween line for girls "Jessica Simpson Girls" at The Bay on December 3, 2011 in Toronto, Canada.

LOS ANGELES, CA - OCTOBER 19: Ava Elizabeth Phillippe and Reese Witherspoon sighting on October 19, 2011 in Los Angeles, California.

Hugh Jackman and his daughter Ava (b. July 10, 2005) ride their scooters while walking their dog Peaches.  At one point Ava attempts to hold the leash and ride at the same time, but she just ends up getting tangled in the leash!

January 19, 2012

New York, New York

TOKYO, JAPAN - NOVEMBER 08:  Brad Pitt, Angelina Jolie and their six children Maddox, Pax, Zahara, Shiloh, Knox, and Vivienne arrive  at Haneda International Airport on November 8 in Tokyo, Japan.

Courteney Cox gives her daughter Coco Arquette a kiss outside their downtown hotel.

February 14, 2012

New York, New York

John Travolta (not in picture), his wife Kelly Preston, daughter Ella Bleu (b. 2000) and son Benjamin (b. November 23, 2010) pose in front of the Eiffel Tower for a portait with family friends while on holiday, on June 19, 2011

Paris, France

Ellen Pompeo takes her daughter Stella Luna Pompeo Ivery (b. 15th of September 2009) to a local park to play on the swings

May 02, 2011, New York

SYDNEY, AUSTRALIA - JULY 06:  Nicole Kidman and her daughter Faith are seen at Sydney International Airport on July 6, 2011 in Sydney, Australia.

INDIAN WELLS, CA - MARCH 16: Gwen Stefani with her son Kingston Rossdale watch Roger Federer of Switzerland play Juan Martin Del Potro during the BNP Paribas Open at the Indian Wells Tennis Garden on March 16, 2012 in Indian Wells, California.

Halle Berry carries her daughter Nahla (b. March 16, 2008) to school and after dropping her off she runs into paparazzi waiting by her car.

January 5, 2012

Los Angeles, California

©BAUER-GRIFFIN.COM

Kendra Wilkinson, her husband Hank Baskett and their son Hank Baskett IV (b. December 11, 2009) are an animated trio as they enjoy carnival games and popcorn while filming scenes for their E! reality show, "Kendra" on the Santa Monica Pier. 

July 19, 2011, Santa Monica, California    

NEW YORK, NY - NOVEMBER 16: Victoria Beckham and daughter Harper Beckham sighting on November 16, 2011 in New York City.

NEW YORK, NY - JULY 25:  Heidi Klum with daughters Lou and Leni are seen on the streets of Manhattan on July 25, 2011 in New York City.

After taking her twin daughter Eden and Savannah (b. February 20, 2007) shopping for birthday presents, Marcia Cross, her sister, and the twins put on fake mustaches and pose on a bench outside the Brentwood Country Mart.

February 20, 2012

Los Angeles, California

Jennifer Lopez, along with her mother Guadalupe Lopez, takes her twins, Emme and Max (b. February 22, 2008) to the Parc Monceau where they play on the carousel and swings and the twins are treated to new toys.  

June 16, 2011

Paris, France

NEW YORK, NY - OCTOBER 23:  Singer Pink  and husband Carey Hart are seen with their daughter Willow Sage Hart, on the streets of Manhattan on October 23, 2011 in New York City.

NEW YORK, NY - MARCH 20:  Actress Sandra Bullock and son Louis Bullock are seen on the streets of Manhattan on March 20, 2011 in New York City.

LOS ANGELES, CA - APRIL 01:  Sean 'Diddy' Combs and son Christian Combs attend Christian Combs' 13th birthday celebration at Rolling Stone Restaurant & Lounge on April 1, 2011 in Los Angeles, California.

LOS ANGELES, CA - OCTOBER 23: Ben Affleck, Violet Affleck and Seraphina Affleck are seen on October 23, 2011 in Los Angeles, California.

WEST HOLLYWOOD, CA - MARCH 11:  Celebrity stylist Rachel Zoe and her son Skyler Morrison Berman attend John Varvatos 9th Annual Stuart House Benefit presented by Chrysler held at John Varvatos Los Angeles on March 11, 2012 in West Hollywood, California.

PITTSBURGH, PA - OCTOBER 08:  Katie Holmes, Suri Cruise and Tom Cruise visit Schenley Plaza's carousel on October 8, 2011 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Usher plays the role of doting dad as he and his sons Usher Raymond V ( b. November 26, 2007) and Naviyd Ely Raymond (b. October 10, 2008) leave their downtown hotel.

November 19, 2011       

New York, New York

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